This stands for Conference of the Parties (states) to the UNFCCC. It is where decisions are made about climate change under the UNFCCC. All states that are members of the UNFCCC are represented at the COP. It meets most years. The last COP (COP 25) was held in Madrid, Spain in December 2019, and the next COP (COP 26) will take place in Glasgow, United Kingdom, in November 2021.

You can find out more about COP 26 at www.ukcop26.org


Related Terms



Carbon budgets

Cap and trade system

Carbon credits

Carbon neutral

Carbon tax

Circular economy


Climate change

Climate Action Delivery Board

Climate Action Fund

Climate Action Plan

Climate Action and Low Carbon Development (Amendment) Bill

Climate Change Advisory Council

Climate neutral economy

Climate resilience


Effort Sharing Regulation

Effort Sharing Legislation

Effort Sharing Decision

Electricity interconnector

Emissions projections

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

EU Emissions Trading System (ETS)

European Green Deal (2019)

Green economy

Greenhouse Gas Emissions / GHGs

Global warming potential (GWP)

LULUCF / Land use, land-use change and forestry

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

National Energy and Climate Plan

Net zero emissions

NZEB ‘Nearly Zero Energy Buildings’

Paris Agreement

Renewable Electricity Support Scheme (RESS)

Renewable energy

Sectoral Adaptation Plans

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI)