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This stands for Conference of the Parties (states) to the UNFCCC. It is where decisions are made about climate change under the UNFCCC. All states that are members of the UNFCCC are represented at the COP. It meets most years. The last COP (COP 26) was held in Glasgow, United Kingdom, in November 2021, and the next COP (COP 27) will take place in Sharm-el-Sheikh, Egypt, in November 2022.

You can find out more about COP 27 at

Related terms:

This stands for United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. It is an international treaty to address climate change. It came into force in 1994 and has almost universal membership (197 members). The Paris Agreement is made under this treaty.

You can find out more about the UNFCCC at

This is a formal legal agreement between countries on trade, peace or other issues.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
This international body works with governments, or nations, or both, to assess the science of climate change. It is run by the United Nations and is made up of scientists nominated by each Government.

You can find more information on the IPCC at

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